Case Study: Jazz Bandleader-Composer

Posted on March 15th, 2012 by Jean Cook in Financial Case Studies, Participant Data. 6 Comments

Previous: Gross Income Time Series

Income v Expenses

The pie charts below show aggregate gross income, and the related expenses for 2006-2011.

Jazz Bandleader’s expenses total approximately 80% of his gross income. Most of these expenses are touring-related

The pie chart for expenses has been scaled visually to represent that expenses consume about 80% of gross income. The table below provides details about expenses from 2006-2011.

Expense Category



Artist Fees Paid 36.5% Fees paid to sidemen for live performances
Manager Fee Paid 19.2% Paid to US-based manager (US and European booking agents take a percentage of touring income before payment is made to Artist).
Tour Expenses 17.4% Flights, ground transportation, hotel, per diems
Production 8.5% Equipment, rehearsal space, research, wardrobe, production crew, road crew,
Overhead 7.8% Bank, taxes, telephone, postage, misc
Recording Expenses 5.6% Artist fees, royalties paid, engineers, rehearsal space, equipment
Marketing 3.3% Website, publicist
Merch Expense 1.7% Paid to record labels for merchandise (CDs) to sell at shows

The chart below shows income versus expenses on a year-to-year basis. The grey line indicates net income, which fluctuates from year to year.

Even with the significant touring expenses, Jazz Bandleder profits from his touring activity in all years

Jazz Bandleader releases at least one record each year as a leader or co-leader. His net recording income after expenses fluctuates from year to year: some years he loses money, other years he gains. Overall from 2006-2011 his recording income is a modest net positive.
Jazz Bandleader’s recording income fluctuates from year to year, resulting in an overall modest net positive.

Next: Income by Role

About the Case Studies

Graphs do not have a Y-axis dollar value in order to observe the conditions of our privacy policy. In addition, graphs and visuals in case studies are not comparable within or between case studies. For more details about this, read about our financial case study protocol.

Information detailed in case studies is based on data received directly from the artist or their authorized representative. The data analysis and lessons learned here are based on individual experience, and do not necessarily reflect the experiences of all musicians in genre or roles.

Case studies are one of three ways this project is looking at music creator income.

6 responses to “Case Study: Jazz Bandleader-Composer”

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