Case Study: Jazz Bandleader-Composer
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Gross Income by Role
Jazz Bandleader’s gross income can be divided into five categories: touring, recording, composing, session/sideman work and income related to his knowledge of craft. The chart below shows what percent of each year’s income falls into these five categories. Clearly, live performance fees are a majority of his income.
Below are breakouts of of his income by role, from 2004-2010.
|Touring||66.4%||78.7%||85.6%||59.9%||77.5%||90.3%||Live performance fees as a leader or soloist|
|Composing||18.1%||14.7%||3.6%||21.3%||9.1%||7.7%||Mechanicals, PRO royalties, commissions, grants and awards, sheet music sales|
|Recording||14.1%||1.2%||2.0%||16.3%||10.1%||1.2%||Record label advances, record sales, record sales on tour, digital performance royalties|
|Sideman||1.1%||1.8%||5.8%||1.8%||2.0%||0.2%||Session or sideman work on tour or in the studio|
|Knowledge of Craft||0.3%||3.6%||3.0%||0.8%||1.2%||0.6%||Advisor, producer, speaking|
Touring is an area that is actively pursued by Jazz Bandleader, and it’s the role through which he makes the vast majority of his income. He retains a booking agent to contract engagements for him in the US, Europe and other territories. Jazz Bandleader has also earned significant money as a sideman, both on tour and in the studio.
Most of the composing-related money is relatively passive income. With the exception of a handful of grants written by Jazz Bandleader earlier in his career, the vast majority of this income is initiated by someone other than Jazz Bandleader or his team.
Recording is the most complex area of income for the Jazz Bandleader-Composer. He receives regular income every year for record sales and digital sound recording performance royalties. He actively sells his recordings on tour which makes up a stable portion of his income. The biggest differences from year to year are the record label advances, which accounted for 65% of his recording-related income from 2006-2011.
Knowledge of craft income, like the composing-related income, is largely passive. Organizations and institutions hire Jazz Bandleader to give a lecture or masterclass to university students, speak at industry conferences, or advise or produce.
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