Case Study: Jazz Bandleader-Composer
Previous: Income by Territory
PRO Royalties by Territory and Album
Generally, Performance Rights Organizations (PROs) collect royalties on behalf of songwriters and copyright owners when their works are publicly performed. Public performances include broadcast on television and radio (including internet radio), live performances, playing recorded works in a public venue – such as a cafe or bar, and some internet uses (generally streaming).
In the United States, the PROs that collect public performance money on behalf of composers and publishers are ASCAP, BMI and SESAC. The rates for public performance use of compositions in the US are regularly re-negotiated between the PROs and the users of music (broadcasters, venues etc). The PROs in the USA have reciprocal agreements with PROs in other countries so they can collect for public performance uses of compositions on behalf of the composer and publisher worldwide.
Jazz Bandleader’s income from his PRO shows that his compositions are publicly performed or licensed in Canada, Australia, US, Europe, UK and Asia. 52% of his PRO income comes from US uses, and 24% comes from Europe. Of the US uses, more than half of the income is from monitored radio airplay.
In 2010, as Jazz Bandleader began touring more aggressively, his composition catalogue earned more money from public performance use.