Case Study: Jazz Bandleader-Composer


Posted on March 15th, 2012 by Jean Cook in Financial Case Studies, Participant Data. 6 Comments

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This page provides a detailed look at Jazz Bandleader’s gross income for each year from 2006-2011.

Gross Revenue, 2006


In 2006, Jazz Bandleader toured with his own ensembles throughout the United States, Canada and Europe. He received one major commission from a nonprofit foundation for a work that premiered in 2007, as well as smaller commissions as a composer. He received two advances from the jazz subsidiary of a major label to make a record that was released in 2006, and another record that was released in 2007. He recorded and toured as a sideman, and appeared on four releases as a sideman on independent labels.

Revenue Category 2006 Details
Live Performance 66.4% As a bandleader, he toured US, Europe and Canada
Grants and Awards 15.6% As a composer, he received one major commissioning grant from a nonprofit to write a new concert pieces, and several smaller commissions
Record Label Advance 12.1% He received an advance to record a small ensemble record for a jazz subsidiary of a major label.
Record Sales 2.0% 1% record royalties paid by label, 1% records sold on tour
Composition Commission 1.8% He was commissioned to write incidental music for a play
Sideman 1.1% Studio and live performances as a sideman
Mechanical Royalties 0.3% Mechanicals paid by label
PRO Royalties 0.3% Paid by his PRO
Teaching 0.3%
Sheet Music Sales 0.01%
Gross Revenue, 2007


In 2007, Jazz Bandleader toured with his own ensembles throughout the United States, Europe and Canada. He was asked to write music for a film, a radio program, and received smaller compositional commissions for works premiered by his own ensembles. He recorded and toured as a sideman, and appeared on one release as a sideman on an independent label.

Revenue Category 2007 Details
Live Performance 78.7% As a bandleader, he toured US, Europe and Canada
Composition Commission 7.0% Commissioned to write incidental music for film and radio pieces
Grants and Awards 4.8% Small composing-related grants from nonprofit foundations to write new concert pieces
Producer 1.9% Produced a record for another artist
Sideman 1.8% Studio and live performances as a sideman
Composer Income 1.7% 0.1% mechanicals paid by label and 1.6% publishing income from a mainstream hip-hop song that he has a co-writing credit on
Record Sales 1.4% 0.97% record royalties, 0.4% record sales on tour
PRO Royalties 1.2% Paid by his PRO
Teaching 0.9%
Advisor 0.6% He advised a foundation in a grant panel
Speaking Engagement 0.2% Speaking at a university
Gross Revenue, 2008


In 2008, Jazz Bandleader toured with his own ensembles throughout the United States, Europe, Canada, and South America. He received a small nonprofit foundation commission for a work that premiered in 2009. He was a leader or co-leader on two releases on independent labels. He recorded and toured Europe and the US as a sideman.

Revenue Category 2008 Details
Live Performance 85.6% As a bandleader, he toured US, Europe, Canada, and South America
Sideman 5.8% He performed live as a sideman in the US and Europe
Record Sales 2.4% 1.76% record royalties, 0.65% record sales on tour
Composition Commission 1.8% Incidental music for a film
Teaching 1.6%
Speaking Engagement 1.3% For industry conferences
PRO Royalties 0.6% Paid by his PRO
Mechanical Royalties 0.5% Mechanicals paid by label
Grants and Awards 0.3% Commission for new work by presenter
Digital Performance Royalties 0.01% Paid to performer by SoundExchange
Gross Revenue, 2009


In 2009, Jazz Bandleader toured with his own ensembles throughout the United States and Europe. He received a major commission to compose music for television. He signed a recording and publishing deal with a new independent label and released a solo record the same year. He recorded and performed locally and internationally as a sideman, appearing on four releases as a sideman in 2009.

Revenue Category 2009 Details
Live Performance 59.9% As a bandleader, he toured US and Europe
Grants and Awards 10.8% Received prize as well as commissions from presenting organizations
Record Label Advance 9.2% For new solo record, also, publishing deal
Composition Commission 9.2% To compose music for a television show
Record Sales 7.0% 6.4% record royalties, 0.6% record sales on road
Sideman 1.8% Recording and performing live
Teaching 0.8% Workshop and university
Mechanical Royalties 0.7% Mechanicals paid by his label
PRO Royalties 0.5% Paid by his PRO
Digital PerformanceRoyalties 0.01% Paid to performer via SoundExchange
Gross Revenue, 2010


In 2010, Jazz Bandleader toured with his own ensembles throughout the United States, Canada and Europe. He received an advance from his record label for two different recording projects. He received grants and awards for two different commissioning projects, where he wrote music for two different ensembles. He recorded and performed locally and internationally as a sideman, appearing on one release as a sideman in 2010.

Revenue Category 2010 Details
Live Performance 77.5% As a bandleader, he toured US, Europe, and Canada
Record Label Advance 8.7% Recording expenses for two projects
Grants and Awards 7.5% For two different commissioning projects
Sideman 2.0% With three different ensembles
Record Sales 1.4% 1.1% record royalties, 0.3% record sales on road
Composer Income 1.1% 0.4% mechanicals, and 0.7% publishing income related to a hip-hop track he co-wrote
Speaking Engagement 0.7% At industry conferences
PRO Royalties 0.4% Paid by his PRO
Teaching 0.3%
Advisor 0.2% He served on a grant panel for a foundation
Digital Performance Royalties 0.04% Paid to performer via SoundExchange
Gross Revenue, 2011


In 2011, Jazz Bandleader toured with his own ensembles throughout the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and Asia. He received grants and awards for six different commissioning projects, where he wrote three new works for his own ensembles and groups, and three for other groups. He reached an agreement with an independent publisher to release sheet music of his compositions. He recorded and performed locally and internationally as a sideman, appearing on three releases as a sideman in 2011.

Revenue Category 2011 Details
Live Performance 90.3% As a bandleader, he toured US, Europe, Canada, Australia and Asia
Grants and Awards 5.3% Six different commissioning projects
PRO Royalties 1.4% Paid by his PRO
Record Sales 1.2% 0.8% record sales on tour, 0.4% record sales from label
Sheet Music 1.2% Publishing deal
Sideman 0.2% LIve and studio work
Teaching 0.2%
Mechanical Royalties 0.1% Mechanicals paid by label
Digital Performance Royalties 0.02% Paid to performer via SoundExchange

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About the Case Studies

Graphs do not have a Y-axis dollar value in order to observe the conditions of our privacy policy. In addition, graphs and visuals in case studies are not comparable within or between case studies. For more details about this, read about our financial case study protocol.

Information detailed in case studies is based on data received directly from the artist or their authorized representative. The data analysis and lessons learned here are based on individual experience, and do not necessarily reflect the experiences of all musicians in genre or roles.

Case studies are one of three ways this project is looking at music creator income.




6 responses to “Case Study: Jazz Bandleader-Composer”

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