Case Study: Jazz Sideman-Bandleader

Posted on March 15th, 2012 by Jean Cook in Financial Case Studies, Participant Data. 2 Comments

Previous: Gross Revenue Time Series

Income v Expenses

The two pie charts below show aggregate gross income, and the related expenses, for 2004-2010.

The pie chart for expenses has been scaled visually to represent that expenses consume about 50% of gross income. The table below provides details about expenses from 2004-2010.

Expense Category



Touring Expense 41.0% Transportation, hotel, per diem, agents fees
Sidemen 33.2% Artist fees paid to sidemen
Overhead 8.1% Office expenses, utilities, supplies, insurance, taxes and licenses, memberships, legal and professional
Publicity and Marketing 5.2% Publicist, advertising, mailing costs
Production 6.1% Equipment and repair, Arrangement and copyist, research.
Recording Expenses 4.6% Recording studio, rehearsal space
Merch Expense 1.9% CDs to sell on the road
Activities like teaching, sideman work and administration don’t have expenses attached, unlike his bandleader work. He uses the income from these other roles to subsidize his own creative work.
The chart below shows income versus expenses on a year to year basis. The light blue line indicates net income from year to year.

The column graph above indicates a net income that fluctuates from year to year, with the lowest net income point at 2006 and the highest net income point at 2007. While the income related to his projects as a leader has increased steadily from 2004-2010, the requisite expenses have also grown. The income for Sideman, Administration and Teaching – activities that do not have significant expenses attached – subsidize his bandleader and composer activities in all years but 2007.
His fluctuating income reflects that once his income has stabilized from his teaching, sideman and administrative work, he makes investments in his own projects.

Next: Income by Role

About the Case Studies

Graphs do not have a Y-axis dollar value in order to observe the conditions of our privacy policy. In addition, graphs and visuals in case studies are not comparable within or between case studies. For more details about this, read about our financial case study protocol.

Information detailed in case studies is based on data received directly from the artist or their authorized representative. The data analysis and lessons learned here are based on individual experience, and do not necessarily reflect the experiences of all musicians in genre or roles.

Case studies are one of three ways this project is looking at music creator income.

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