Case Study: Jazz Sideman-Bandleader
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PRO Royalties by Territory
Generally, Performance Rights Organizations (PROs) collect royalties on behalf of songwriters and copyright owners when their works are publicly performed. Public performances include broadcast on television and radio (including internet radio), live performances, playing recorded works in a public venue – such as a cafe or bar, and some internet uses (generally streaming).In the United States, the PROs that collect public performance money on behalf of composers and publishers are ASCAP, BMI and SESAC. The rates for public performance use of compositions in the US are regularly re-negotiated between the PROs and the users of music (broadcasters, venues etc). The PROs in the USA have reciprocal agreements with PROs in other countries so they can collect for public performance uses of compositions on behalf of the composer and publisher worldwide.
The PRO money in this case study is broken down into different categories:
|General||Exactly which uses fall into this category differs from country to country (copyright differs from territory to territory), but usually includes royalties for live performance income (when your compositions are performed live), sometimes cinema money (broadcasts for compositions in movies that are shown in movie theaters), and other uses.|
|Radio||For terrestrial broadcasts of your compositions.|
|TV||For broadcasts of television programs that include your compositions.|
|Mobile/Internet/Other||For performance uses of your compositions on mobile, internet and other places.|
*Copyright is complex, and the work PROs do is greatly simplified here. You can learn more about the PROs here: ASCAP, BMI, and SESAC.
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